نكته هاي گرامري زبان انگليسي زمان حال ساده / زمان حال استمراري / ماضي نقلي / وجود قيود زماني در ماضي نقلي PDF چاپ نامه الکترونیک
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شنبه ۰۶ شهریور ۱۳۸۹ ساعت ۰۶:۳۷

نكته هاي گرامري زبان انگليسي



زمان حال ساده / زمان حال استمراري / ماضي نقلي / وجود قيود زماني در ماضي نقلي



زمان حال ساده

زمان حال ساده براي بيان عملي است که به صورت تکرار و يا عادت انجام مي شود و وجود قيود تکرار مي تواند يکي از نشانه هاي اين زمان باشد.

Usually- always- generally



1- How much ……… you generally pay for a pair of shoes?
a) do *
b) dose
c) was
d) were

2- We ……… ten new words every day.
a) learns
b) learned
c) learn *
d) to learn

3- He ……… to Washington once a week.
a) drives *
b) driving
c) drove
d) driven

4- Water ……… at 100 cc
a) boil
b) is boiling
c) boils *
d) to boil



زمان حال استمراري

زمان حال استمراري در بيان عملي است که هم اکنون و در حال حاضر در حال انجام است. وجود قيود زماني مي تواند نشانه اين زمان باشند.

(at this moment, at present- now)



1- At present they ……… many new highways in Tehran.
a) build
b) built
c) are building *
d) to build

2- He ……..pepper on his egg now.
a) puts
b) has put
c) put
d) is putting *

3- I see that you ……….your new Suit now.
a) wear
b) are wearing *
c) wears
d) wore

4- The weather ……… better and better.
a) got
b) gets
c) is getting *
d) get






وجود افعال
(Look! Be quiet! Listen! Be careful!)
در جملات حال استمراري


1- Be quiet! The body ……
a) is sleeping *
b) sleeps
c) had slept
d) sleeps

2- Look! The man ………. after the train.
a) runs
b) has run
c) run
d) is running *

3- Look! The cat ……….. To climb that tell tree.
a) try
b) tries
c) is trying *
d) to try

4- Listen! Some one ……… at the door.
a) is knocking *
b) knock
c) knocks
d) to knock



ماضي نقلي

اين زمان براي بيان عملي است که در وقت نامشخص در گذشته آغاز شده و اثر آن تا زمان حال باقي است.
طرز ساختن اين زمان: since و for قيد زماني + قسمت سوم فعل+ have و has + فاعل
مبدأ زمان: since، طول زمان: for

1- He is tired, because he …….. football since afternoon.
a) have played
b) has played *
c) had played
d) played

جمله اي که قبل از because قرار گرفته زمان حال ساده است و جمله اي که بعد از because قرار مي گيرد بايد ماضي نقلي باشد.

2- John is unhappy because he ……….his money.
a) lost
b) have lost
c) has lost *
d) lose

3- She …….. here since 1948.
a) worked
b) have worked
c) has worked *
d) was working

4- I ……… in Greece since 1976.
a) have lived *
b) lived
c) has lived
d) was living



وجود قيود زماني در ماضي نقلي

ماضي نقلي يک سري علائم دارد. مثل:

(several times- yet- so for- up to now)


1- I ……… to him a bout it several times.
a) have spoken *
b) am speaking
c) speak
d) spokes

2- She …….. English for 8 years.
a) studied
b) have studied
c) has studied*
d) studying

3- We …….. 17 lesson so for.
a) have learned *
b) has learned
c) learned
d) were learning

4- Ali ……..yet
a) didn’t come
b) haven’t come
c) hasn’t come *
d) wasn’t coming